VW Golf History

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VW Golf Mk1 Launched in 1974 the Golf set benchmarks for style, value, practicality and efficiency. Five generations and 34 years later the same virtues apply to the new Golf Mk VI. In this time the Golf has been responsible for several pioneering advances in vehicle design and engineering. In 1976 a Golf powered by a diesel engine was launched, in 1982 a turbocharged diesel engine followed. In 1987 ABS became available along with, in 1990, closed-loop catalytic converters. Diesel-electric and fully electric hybrid versions of the Golf have been unveiled in concept form and, this month, a BlueMotion of the new Golf has made its debut. Capable of achieving 74.3 mpg while emitting just 99 g/km of CO2 the new Golf continues to set new benchmarks in its class. The Golf has enjoyed sustained popularity worldwide and remains one of the best selling vehicles in Europe. In March 2007 the 25,000,000th Golf was produced, eclipsing the 21,517,415 total achieved by the original Beetle. In 2008 a total of 69,090 examples of the Golf were sold in the UK. Chronology Mk1 VW GolfMk I (1974 until 1983) The Golf Mk I was launched in 1974 and is still produced today – albeit extensively modified – as an economically priced entry-level model in South Africa parallel to the current model range. Over 6.8 million units have been produced so far. 1974: Debut of the first Golf 1976: 500,000th Golf in March 1,000,000th Golf in October First Golf GTI First Golf with diesel engine 1978: 2,000,000th Golf in June Debut of the US version Rabbit in July 1979: 3,000,000th Golf in September First Golf Cabriolet Minor facelift 1982: 5,000,000th Golf in February First Golf with turbodiesel engine Mk II (1984 until 1992) The Golf Mk II followed in 1983, and in the UK the following year. Over 6.3 million units of this generation were produced in ten years – on average approximately 630,000 units per year. 1983: Debut of the second Golf 1984: Debut of the second Golf GTI 1985: 7,000,000th Golf in March 1986: First Golf (GTI) with 16-valve petrol engine 1987: ABS available for all GT and GTI models Minor facelift 1988: Debut of the Rallye Golf G60 – some LHD examples imported to UK 10,000,000th Golf in June 1989: 11,000,000th Golf in October 1990: All Golf petrol models available with closed-loop catalytic converters from February 1,000,000th Golf GTI in November 12,000,000th Golf in November Mk III (1992 until 1998) The Golf Mk III, of which 4.8 million units were built, was launched on to the UK market in 1992. 1991: Debut of the third Golf First Golf diesel with oxidation catalytic converter First Golf with six-cylinder engine (VR6); simultaneously the first model in the lower mid-range with a six-cylinder engine 1992: 13,000,000th Golf in February Driver and front passenger airbag available from August 1993: First Golf with turbodiesel direct injection (TDI) engine Debut of the second Golf Cabriolet First Golf Estate 14,000,000th Golf in March 1994: 15,000,000th Golf in May 1995: First Golf with naturally aspirated diesel direct injection (SDI) engine 1996: 20th anniversary of the Golf GTI / anniversary model of the Golf GTI First Golf GTI with turbodiesel engine 17,000,000th Golf in November Mk IV (1998 until 2004) The Golf Mk IV debuted in 1997, and was launched in the UK in 1998. Over the last seven years until 2003, 4.3 million units of the best-seller were produced and, on average, approximately 614,000 units were sold per year. 1997: Debut of the first Golf with fully galvanised body First Golf with five-cylinder engine (V5) 1998: Debut of the new Golf Cabriolet First Golf 4MOTION with Haldex viscous coupling Introduction of optional ESP (Electronic Stabilisation Programme) 1999: Second Golf Estate launched First TDI engines with Pumpe Düse unit injector technology in the Golf 19,000,000th Golf in June 2002: Golf GTI 180 PS launched as special edition marking the 25th anniversary of the Golf GTI in the UK Production of the Golf overtakes the Beetle; at 21,517,415 units it becomes the most-produced Volkswagen model to date Debut of the Golf R32, the most powerful in production Golf ever with 241 PS 2002 becomes the Golf’s best year in the UK to date, with 72,362 units sold, while it also finishes the year as the country’s best-selling diesel car 2003: End of year: phase-out of the fourth generation Golf after sales of more than 4.3 million units Mk V (2004) The Golf Mk V made its international debut in 2003, and was launched in the UK in 2004. 2003: September – world premiere at Frankfurt motor show 2004: January 30 – UK launch August – Sport added to model line-up 2005: January – GTI launched in the UK November – R32 on sale in the UK 2006: October – Match replaces SE trim level 2007: March – 25,000,000th example of the Golf is produced 2007: May – GT Sport replaces GT and Sport trim levels 2007: June – Golf GTI W12-650 concept, the most powerful Golf ever constructed by Volkswagen, is revealed at the Wörthersee Show in Austria 2008: March – Golf BlueMotion is launched Mk VI (2008) 2008: August – Golf Mk VI is unveiled 2008: September – Golf BlueMotion is unveiledTags:,